Nigeria, Morocco and ECOWAS unite for gas pipeline mega-project
On 15 September 2022, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the Kingdom of Morocco signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) in Rabat, Morocco.
According to a published joint communique, the Memorandum of Understanding attests to the commitment of all the countries crossed by the gas pipeline, to contribute to the feasibility and technical studies, the mobilisation of resources and execution of this key project.
This project, once completed, will supply gas to all the countries of West Africa and will open a new channel of export to Europe. It is a strategic project that will contribute towards, but not limited to:
- Improving the living standards of the population
- Integrating the economies in the region
- Decreasing the level of desertification due to a sustainable and reliable gas supply and a reduction in or outright end to gas flaring
A 6,000km gas pipeline mega-project
Sixteen countries that include fourteen ECOWAS Member States, are involved in this project. The project will also assist other countries to export their surplus natural gas: Ghana, Cote d’Ivoire, Senegal and Mauritania.
The strategic Nigeria-Morocco gas pipeline project will traverse the West African coast from Nigeria to Morocco, through Benin, Togo, Ghana, Cote d’Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, The Gambia, Senegal and Mauritania. In the long term, it will be connected to the Maghreb-Europe gas pipeline and to the European gas network. It will also help cater to the land-locked countries of Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger.
With the launch of the project, efforts will be made to attract public and private investors including multilateral or commercial banks, pension funds and insurance companies, among others. The project will span 6,000km and cost $25 billion. The financing of the project is expected to involve several stakeholders.
The three sides were respectively represented by Sediko Douka, ECOWAS Commissioner for Infrastructure, Energy and Digitalisation; Mallam Mele Kolo Kyari, Group Chief Executive Officer of Nigerian National Petroleum Company Limited (NNPC); and Amina Benkhadra, Director General of Office National des Hydrocarbures et des Mines (ONHYM).
Commissioner Sediko Douka, speaking on behalf of the ECOWAS Commission President Dr Omar Alieu Touray, stated that ECOWAS upheld the view that the Nigeria-Morocco pipeline project was indeed viable, saying: “We, as a regional economic community, are convinced that it is indeed a viable project, one that holds great promise, and we will spare no effort for its success.”
The ECOWAS Commissioner for Infrastructure, Energy and Digitalisation further reaffirmed, on behalf of the ECOWAS Commission President, total support for thi\e regional project which would positively impact the lives of more than 400 million persons.
“The project’s impact is far-reaching because it would help ensure electricity supply in the West African region and in the long term the export of natural gas as fuel in Europe. We have carefully monitored from beginning to end the feasibility studies at the various levels of validation,” he revealed, adding that the next phase would involve the detailed design of execution, resource mobilisation and the actual construction.
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